Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

Our team of board-certified urologists has years of experience diagnosing and treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) / enlarged prostate. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is an enlargement of the prostate gland, the walnut-sized gland that produces the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. BPH causes the prostate to slowly grow in size. This growth can compress the urethra – which runs through the center of the prostate – and can cause urination and bladder problems.

Prostate enlargement happens to almost all men as they get older. In some cases, it can cause serious problems over time due to urine retention and bladder strain. This can lead to urinary tract infections, bladder or kidney damage, bladder stones, or incontinence.

BPH is not cancer, and it does not raise a man’s risk for prostate cancer.

Symptoms of BPH

BPH can begin when a man is in his 30s, but symptoms usually appear after age 50. The symptoms of BPH can vary, but the most common ones include:

  • A hesitant, interrupted or weak urine stream
  • Urgency, leaking or dribbling
  • More frequent urination, especially at night

It is important to tell your doctor about urinary problems such as those described above. In many cases, these symptoms suggest BPH, but they can also be signs of a more serious condition.

Diagnosing BPH

If you experience symptoms of BPH or your doctor suspects BPH, you will likely be referred to a urologist who will conduct a variety of tests to confirm a diagnosis. The most common tests include:

  • Digital rectal examination
  • Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) blood test
  • Rectal ultrasound and/or biopsy
  • Urine flow study
  • Cystoscopy

Treating BPH

Treatment for BPH often begins with drug therapy. There are a variety of medications that can relieve symptoms and slow the growth of the prostate gland.

If drug therapy fails to relieve symptoms of BPH, your urologist may suggest a non-surgical procedure, such as microwave therapy, needle ablation or focused ultrasound.

In some cases, your doctor may recommend removal of the enlarged part of the prostate. This can be done through a variety of minimally invasive procedures where only the enlarged tissue that is pressing against the urethra is removed.

It is important to discuss with your doctor your options for managing BPH. If treated in its earliest stages, there is less of a risk of developing serious complications.

Academic Urology Locations

  • Brinton Lake

    Crozer Medical Plaza
    500 Evergreen Dr.,
    Glen Mills, PA 19342

  • Bryn Mawr

    919 Conestoga Rd
    Building 1, Suite 300
    Bryn Mawr, PA 19010

  • Center for Pelvic Medicine, LLC

    919 Conestoga Rd
    Building 1, Suite 301
    Bryn Mawr, PA 19010

  • Coatesville

    213 Reeceville Rd
    Coatesville, PA 19320

  • Glen Mills

    100 Maris Grove Way
    Glen Mills, PA 19342

  • King of Prussia

    211 S. Gulph Rd.
    King of Prussia, PA 19406

  • Media

    200 East State Street
    Suite 205
    Media, PA 19063

  • Paoli

    2 Industrial Boulevard
    Building C, Suite 120
    Paoli, PA 19301

  • Phoenixville

    824 Main Street
    Suite 301
    Phoenixville, PA 19460

  • Pottstown

    20 Sunnybrook Road
    Pottstown, PA 19464

  • The Prostate Center

    211 South Gulph Rd.
    Suite 200
    King of Prussia, PA 19406

  • West Chester

    915 Old Fern Hill Road
    Building B
    West Chester, PA 19380

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