Treating Male infertility

Male infertility

What is Male Infertility?

Male infertility is the inability to conceive a child even after frequent, unprotected sexual intercourse for a year or longer. About 15 percent of couples are infertile. In about 50 percent of these cases, male infertility plays a role.

Male infertility is often due to low sperm production, misshapen or immobile sperm, or blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm. Illnesses, injuries, serious health problems, environmental causes or lifestyle choices can also play a role in causing this condition.

Symptoms of Male Infertility

The main sign of male infertility is the inability to conceive, but there can be other less obvious symptoms. In some cases, a hormonal imbalance or a condition that blocks the passage of sperm may present symptoms. These could include:

  • Problems with sexual function, such as delayed ejaculation, erectile dysfunction or low sex drive
  • Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
  • Decreased facial or body hair or other signs of a chromosomal or hormonal abnormality

It is important to tell your doctor if you have symptoms such as those described above. In some cases, these symptoms suggest male infertility, but they can also be signs of another health condition.

Diagnosing Male Infertility

There is rarely a definite cause of infertility. Since male infertility could be due to an underlying condition, your doctor may recommend several tests, including:

  • Physical examination and review of medical history
  • Semen analysis
  • Scrotal or transrectal ultrasound
  • Hormone testing
  • Post-ejaculation urinalysis
  • Genetic tests
  • Testicular biopsy
  • Sperm function tests

Treating Male Infertility

Male infertility can be a stressful and frustrating condition, but there are a variety of treatments available. Treatment usually depends on the cause, how long a man has been infertile, age and personal lifestyle. Possible options could include:


  • Surgery to correct any obstructions or make a repair
  • Treatments for infections
  • Treatments for sexual function problems
  • Hormone treatments and medications
  • Assisted reproductive technology, where sperm is taken directly from the testicle and injected into an egg

Sometimes male infertility cannot be treated. In these cases it is important to discuss with your doctor other options for fathering a child.

Academic Urology Locations

  • Brinton Lake

    Crozer Medical Plaza
    500 Evergreen Dr.,
    Glen Mills, PA 19342

  • Bryn Mawr

    919 Conestoga Rd
    Building 1, Suite 300
    Bryn Mawr, PA 19010

  • Center for Pelvic Medicine, LLC

    919 Conestoga Rd
    Building 1, Suite 301
    Bryn Mawr, PA 19010

  • Coatesville

    213 Reeceville Rd
    Coatesville, PA 19320

  • Glen Mills

    100 Maris Grove Way
    Glen Mills, PA 19342

  • King of Prussia

    211 S. Gulph Rd.
    King of Prussia, PA 19406

  • Media

    200 East State Street
    Suite 205
    Media, PA 19063

  • Paoli

    2 Industrial Boulevard
    Building C, Suite 120
    Paoli, PA 19301

  • Phoenixville

    824 Main Street
    Suite 301
    Phoenixville, PA 19460

  • Pottstown

    20 Sunnybrook Road
    Pottstown, PA 19464

  • The Prostate Center

    211 South Gulph Rd.
    Suite 200
    King of Prussia, PA 19406

  • West Chester

    915 Old Fern Hill Road
    Building B
    West Chester, PA 19380

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