What is a Vasectomy?

A vasectomy is considered a permanent form of birth control. During a vasectomy, a doctor closes or blocks the two tubes, called vas deferens, that carry sperm. This is done to prevent the release of sperm when a man ejaculates. Without sperm, a man cannot impregnate a woman.
A vasectomy is a very safe procedure. But like any medical procedure, there can be some risk. It is important to talk to your doctor about whether a vasectomy is right for you.

How Effective is a Vasectomy?

Vasectomy is nearly 100 percent effective for preventing pregnancy, but is not full-proof immediately because the sperm needs to clear from your system. For three months following your procedure, an alternative form of birth control should be used (i.e. condoms, the pill, etc.). A simple test called a semen analysis will show when there are no more sperm in your ejaculate.
Very rarely, tubes grow back together in which case pregnancy can occur. This happens in about 1 in every 1,000 cases.
While vasectomies can be very effective against preventing pregnancy, they offer no protection against sexually transmitted infections.

Types of Vasectomies

Typically a vasectomy is done in a doctor’s office or an outpatient surgery center. The procedure takes about 30 minutes. You will be awake but given local anesthetic. There are two types of vasectomy procedures – an incision method and a non-incision method.
During the incision method, your doctor will make an incision on each side of the scrotum to reach the vas deferens. Each tube is then blocked, and in most cases part of the tube is removed.
During the non-incision method, one tiny puncture is made in the scrotum to reach both tubes. The tubes are then tied off, cauterized or blocked. This method reduces the chances of bleeding and decreases the risk of infection, bruising or other complications.

How Long does Recovery Take after a Vasectomy?

Recovery time is different for every man. However, most men only need a day or two of rest to make a full recovery. Strenuous work or exercise should be avoided for about a week following the procedure. Rare complications may require more rest time, but usually prompt medical attention can clear up any problems.
Most men are able to become sexually active about a week after their procedure, sometimes sooner. However, it will take about three months after the procedure for all of the sperm to clear out of your system. This is why a back-up birth control method is necessary to effectively prevent pregnancy.


Academic Urology Locations

  • Brinton Lake

    Crozer Medical Plaza
    500 Evergreen Dr.,
    Glen Mills, PA 19342

  • Bryn Mawr

    919 Conestoga Rd
    Building 1, Suite 300
    Bryn Mawr, PA 19010

  • Center for Pelvic Medicine, LLC

    919 Conestoga Rd
    Building 1, Suite 301
    Bryn Mawr, PA 19010

  • Coatesville

    213 Reeceville Rd
    Coatesville, PA 19320

  • Glen Mills

    100 Maris Grove Way
    Glen Mills, PA 19342

  • King of Prussia

    211 S. Gulph Rd.
    King of Prussia, PA 19406

  • Media

    200 East State Street
    Suite 205
    Media, PA 19063

  • Paoli

    2 Industrial Boulevard
    Building C, Suite 120
    Paoli, PA 19301

  • Phoenixville

    824 Main Street
    Suite 301
    Phoenixville, PA 19460

  • Pottstown

    20 Sunnybrook Road
    Pottstown, PA 19464

  • The Prostate Center

    211 South Gulph Rd.
    Suite 200
    King of Prussia, PA 19406

  • West Chester

    915 Old Fern Hill Road
    Building B
    West Chester, PA 19380

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